Abubuwan haɗari da rigakafin haɗari na kwampreshin iska na piston

Tsarkakewar iska yana nufin tsotsawar injin damfara.Yanayin yana tsotse cikin iska ta cikin hasumiya mai tsayin mita 25.Ana tsarkake iskar ta cikin jakar rigar tace allura sannan ta tafi zuwa injin damfara.Ana matse iskar da aka tace zuwa 0.67mpa a cikin injin kwampreso na iska, a wanke da sanyaya ta hasumiya mai sanyaya iska, sannan a aika zuwa sieve na kwayoyin don adsorption don cire ruwa, carbon dioxide da sauran hydrocarbons.

Abubuwan haɗari na wuta da fashewa a cikin tsarin tsarkakewar iska da matsawa sun fi yawa:

1) Sakamakon tacewa na iska mai iska ba shi da kyau, kuma ƙurar da ke cikin iska yana da girma, wanda ke da sauƙi don samar da ƙwayar carbon;Sakamakon adsorption na sieve kwayoyin yana raguwa, ta yadda hydrocarbons suka shiga cikin ginshiƙan distillation na gaba, kuma yawan tarawa zai iya haifar da konewa da fashewa;

2) Akwai wani abu da ba daidai ba tare da tsarin ruwa mai sanyaya.Ruwan sanyaya naiska compressoran dakatar da shi, ruwan ba ya wadatar ko kuma zafin ruwa ya yi yawa, tasirin sanyaya ba shi da kyau, kuma zafin jiki a cikin kwampreso ya yi yawa, yana haifar da fashewar thermal na mai santsi, wanda ke haifar da ajiyar carbon a ma'aunin kwampreso. daji, Silinda, iska bawul, shaye bututu, mai sanyaya, SEPARATOR da buffer tank.Jigilar Carbon wani nau'in abu ne mai ƙonewa, wanda zai iya haifar da iskar carbon da konewa ba tare da bata lokaci ba a ƙarƙashin matsanancin zafi mai zafi, tasirin injina da tasirin iska, Lokacin da tattarawar carbon oxides (kamar CO) ya kai iyakar fashewa, ƙonewa da fashewar za su kasance. faruwa.

3) Famfu na allurar mai ko kuskuren tsarin mai.Laifin famfo allurar mai ko tsarin mai mai santsi naiska compressorzai iya haifar da rashin ko dakatar da samar da mai mai santsi.Matsalar ingancin mai santsi na iya haifar da mummunan sakamako mai laushi.Gwagwarmayar injiniya da dumama na kwampreso ya zama tushen kunna wuta da fashewar tsarin kwampreso na iska.Tsarkakewar iska yana nufin tsotsawar injin damfara.Yanayin yana tsotse cikin iska ta cikin hasumiya mai tsayin mita 25.Ana tsarkake iskar ta cikin jakar rigar tace allura sannan ta tafi zuwa injin damfara.Ana matse iskar da aka tace zuwa 0.67mpa a cikin injin kwampreso na iska, a wanke da sanyaya ta hasumiya mai sanyaya iska, sannan a aika zuwa sieve na kwayoyin don adsorption don cire ruwa, carbon dioxide da sauran hydrocarbons.

Binciken haɗari da cutarwa da rigakafiniska compressor

Halin da ba a saba da shi ba na kwampreso da sassa masu goyan bayansa na iya haifar da gazawar injin damfara ko fashewariska compressor.

1. Risk bincike da kuma abin da ya faru hasashe na iska kwampreso

(1) Saboda iska yana da aikin oxidation, musamman ma a cikin matsanancin matsin lamba, tsarin sufuri yana da yawan kwararar ruwa, don haka haɗarin tsarin ba wai kawai haɗarin oxidation (zafi ba), har ma da haɗarin lalacewa mai sauri da gogayya. .Domin Silinda, accumulator

Bututun sufurin iska (share) na iya fashewa saboda yawan zafin jiki da matsi.Don haka, zafin injin na duk sassan kwampreso dole ne a sarrafa shi a cikin kewayon da aka yarda.

(2) Cakudar mai mai santsi mai atomized ko abubuwan da aka samu tare da matsewar iska na iya haifar da fashewa.

(3) Hatimin mai na kwampreso bai cika ka'idodin tsarin santsi ko iskar gas ba, ta yadda yawancin mai da hydrocarbons sun shiga kuma suna taruwa a cikin ƙananan sassan tsarin, kamar flanges. bawuloli, bellows da reducer.Ƙarƙashin tasirin iskar gas mai ƙarfi, a hankali atomized, oxidized, coking, carbonized da bambanta, zama yanayi mai yuwuwar fashewa.

(4) The deliquescent iska, da nonstandard tsaftacewa na tsarin da kuma maye gurbin sanyi da zafi na iya haifar da tsatsa a ciki bango na bututu, bawo kashe a karkashin sakamakon high-gudun gas da kuma zama ƙonewa tushen.

(5) Halin rashin kwanciyar hankali da tashin hankali a cikin tsarin matsewar iska na iya haifar da hawan matsakaicin zafin jiki kwatsam.Wannan ya faru ne saboda wani sashi na raguwar ƙwayar adiabatic na ruwa (iska) a cikin tsarin a ƙarƙashin tasirin kwatsam.

(6) A lokacin gyarawa da sanyawa, abubuwa masu ƙonewa kamar kayan goge-goge, kananzir da man fetur suna faɗowa cikin silinda, na'urori masu ɗaukar iska da kuma bututun iska, wanda hakan kan haifar da fashewa idan aka tada na'urar damfara.

(7) Ƙarfin injiniya na ɓangaren matsawa na tsarin matsawa bai dace da ƙayyadaddun bayanai ba.

(8) Matsanancin iska ya wuce ka'ida.Sharuɗɗan da ke sama na iya haifar da matsalolin damfara ko fashewar iska.

2. Rigakafin hadurran damfara

(1) Za a tsara na'urar damfara ta iska da tankin ajiya da tsarin bututun da ke tallafawa daidai da ƙayyadaddun tsare-tsaren ƙasa masu dacewa.Za a shigar da busassun tace kafin bututun tsotsa na babban kwampreshin iska.

(2) Bayan da aka danne iska, zafin jiki yana tashi sosai, kuma injin damfara dole ne a sanye shi da tsarin sanyaya mai inganci.Don tsarin ruwa mai sanyaya na babban kwampreso na iska, na'urar kariya ta yanke kariyar ruwa dole ne ta kasance mai sassauƙa kuma abin dogaro.Idan ruwa ya tsaya a lokacin aiki, an hana samar da ruwan tilas sosai, kuma yana buƙatar dakatar da shi don magani.

(3) Tsare-tsare da aiki na tankin ajiyar iska ya kamata su bi ka'idodin ka'idojin kulawa game da ƙwarewar aminci na jiragen ruwa, kuma dole ne a shigar da matsi mai mahimmanci, ƙa'idodin matsa lamba da tsarin ƙararrawa.Idan ya cancanta, za a shirya na'urorin haɗin kai.

(4) Babban kwampreshin iska ya kamata a sanye shi da na'urori masu haɗakar da ƙararrawa kamar hawan jini, girgizawa, matsa lamba mai, samar da ruwa, ƙaurawar raƙuman ruwa da zafin jiki mai ɗaukar nauyi bisa ga halayen kayan aiki.Za a gudanar da gwajin iska kafin farawa.

(5) Iska tare da wasu matsa lamba yana da ƙarfi oxidizability.Don haka, yayin da ake ajiyewa da jigilar iskar, dole ne a hana mai santsi da sauran sinadarai a cikinsa, ta yadda za a hana mai da sauran sinadarai daga iskar oxygen da konewa ko fashewa a cikin tsarin.

(6) A lokacin babban motsi na iska, tsatsa da ƙazanta na inji na iya zama zafi mai zafi.Sabili da haka, matsayi da tsawo na mashigar iska yayin aiki na kwampreso ya kamata ya dace da bukatun aminci don hana shigar da al'amura na waje.

(7) Idan akwai motsi mara kyau da tsayin daka yayin aikin damfara na iska, tsaya nan da nan don dubawa da magani.

(8) Ci gaba da fara sanyi na babban injin damfara bai kamata ya wuce sau uku ba, kuma farkon zafi kada ya wuce sau biyu.


Lokacin aikawa: Nuwamba-23-2021